Relations between South Africa and Angola were tense in the past, but in recent years, the two countries have grown closer and even collaborate on a number of social and economic ventures. Pictured here is President Jacob Zuma with Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos in Luanda last August. (Image: GCIS)• Cooperation, trade and education key to Africa’s success – Coleman • Research reveals Kenyan, Nigerian views of South Africa • Liberian entrepreneurs build South African networks • Join the 2014 South African Competitiveness Forum• Africa’s resources key to unlocking its wealth Shamin ChibbaBrand South Africa’s dialogue on “Active Citizenship in Building Competitive African Nation Brands”, to be held this Friday, is focusing on South African-Angolan relations in particular, prompting a look at how the two countries have been building their partnership in recent years.Past relations between South Africa and Angola were frosty: first, the apartheid government backed the Angolan opposition movement, National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (Unita); then, Thabo Mbeki did not improve matters when, as president, he called for negotiations instead of military solutions to end Angola’s civil war.But the thaw started at the turn of the millennium. Ties between the two countries began taking shape in November 2000, when an agreement establishing economic, scientific, cultural, social and cultural collaboration led to the founding of the South Africa-Angola Joint Commission for Co-operation (JCC). The first JCC meeting took place in Pretoria on 28 February 2003. Still, the partnership did not amount to anything substantial.This changed in 2009, when Jacob Zuma chose Angola for his first state visit as South Africa’s president. He met President Jose Eduardo Dos Santos in Luanda, starting an economic partnership that resulted in agreements on air services and diplomatic consultation as well as memoranda on trade, industry, commerce, housing, and sport and recreation.At the time, the Mail & Guardian opined that Zuma was “seeking rapprochement”, saying Angola was an increasingly important player in Africa. In the same year, Angolan exports to South Africa amounted to almost R12-billion (about $1-billion) while South African exports to Angola amounted to R5.5-billion.Dos Santos visited South Africa in December 2010, signing five bilateral agreements on public works, infrastructure development, telecommunications and information technologies, as well as a Declaration of Intent on the use of financial facilities. By 2013, the two countries had signed over 22 bilateral agreements across a wide range or sectors, including trade and industry, energy, science and technology, and sport.Angola’s large oil reserves make the country the third largest economy in Africa. It became South Africa’s biggest trading partner on the continent in 2012 with total South African imports amounting to R23-billion and exports at R8.7-billion. South African private companies have also been active in Angola, with some of the more notable names being Nampak Bevcan, Standard Bank, Barloworld, Shoprite and Hollard.This came about after 250 South African companies banded together to form the South Africa-Angola Chamber of Commerce in 2003. They were attracted to the Angolan market following the death of Unita rebel leader Jonas Savimbi, which brought the 27-year civil war to a standstill. The chamber advises South Africa-based companies on how to enter and operate successfully in the Angolan market. Brand South Africa will host its second South African Competitiveness Forum in Johannesburg on 4 and 5 November 2014 under the theme “Active Citizenship and its Role in Changing the South African Brand Reality”. Top minds from business, the government, civil society and the academic world will gather to discuss the nation’s position in the world, and uncover ways to give South Africa a competitive edge on the global stage. Click here to find out more. Follow the conversation on Twitter via #CompetitiveSA.
Indian golfers have returned with at least one medal from the last three editions of the Asian Games. While Shiv Kapur clinched an individual gold in 2002, India won a silver in 2006 and 2010. But the medal run has been limited to men only.Indian coach Jasjit Singh is expecting the women to open their account in Incheon.”Our men have done well at the Asian Games, but this time I am expecting a medal from the women’s team also. The current lot is talented and has the potential to finish on the podium,” he said.The men’s team has four golfers – Feroze Garewal, Manu Gandas, Udayan Mane and Samarth Dwivedi, while the women’s team has Gurbani Singh, Aditi Ashok and Astha Madan.The coach said foreign exposure and a five-day practice stint at the Dream Park Country Club – the Asian Games venue – will be of immense help.”This time our golfers have played more quality tournaments abroad which will help them psychologically. Garewal and Aditi participated at the Youth Olympics in China and the World Amateur Team Championships (WATC) in Japan. Mane too played at the WATC and shot a superb 14-under aggregate score. The conditions on those courses were quite similar to what they are likely to face in South Korea,” he said.”We also went for training in Incheon. Our golfers got to know the course conditions and yardages there. Our players are now mentally prepared for the challenge,” said Jasjit.
TORONTO – Canada’s main stock index edged higher Friday as commodity prices rose, while U.S. stocks ended down.The Toronto Stock Exchange’s S&P/TSX composite index closed up 4.70 points at 15,273.97, helped by gold, oil, and cannabis sectors.Cannabis stocks saw gains on news that President Donald Trump will support congressional efforts to protect states that have legalized cannabis, which is illegal south of the border under federal law.Licensed producer Aphria Inc.’s stock rose nearly 15 per cent to close at $1.48 on the Toronto Stock Exchange, Canopy Growth Corp. closed up 7.84 per cent at $29.84, while Friday Night Inc., which owns cannabis assets in Las Vegas, saw its shares rise by more than 20 per cent to close at $0.65 on the Canadian Securities Exchange.The boost to cannabis stocks from the news shows how much sentiment and momentum can move the sector, said Allan Small, a senior investment adviser at HollisWealth.“Overall I think the cannabis stocks, they’re a crapshoot on a daily basis really,” said Small.“When people hear the hype, and they get momentum, these stocks can move higher, so it doesn’t mean they fundamentally have to be sound and cheap and look good. If you have good momentum behind you, sometimes perception is more powerful that reality.”Oil and gold stocks also saw gains as prices rose. The May crude contract closed up 32 cents at US$67.39 per barrel and the June gold contract ended up $6 at US$1,347.90 an ounce.U.S. stocks saw declines as several banks reported higher than expected profits, but still declined in part because of some concerns investors saw in financial reports.In New York, the Dow Jones industrial average closed down 122.91 points at 24,360.14. The S&P 500 index ended down 7.69 points at 2,656.30 and the Nasdaq composite index was down 33.60 points at 7,106.65.The Canadian dollar averaged 79.38 cents US, down 0.01 of a US cent.The May natural gas contract ended up five cents at US$2.74 per mmBTU and the May copper contract was up one cent at US$3.07 a pound.
New Delhi: The Supreme Court Friday stayed the proceedings of an inquiry commission set up to probe the death of then Tamil Nadu Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa at Apollo Hospitals in Chennai in 2016. A bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi was hearing the appeal of Apollo Hospitals against the April 4 order of the Madras High Court rejecting its objection against the ongoing inquiry into the death of the AIADMK leader at the hospital. “Notice. Stay of further proceedings of the inquiry commission,” the bench, which also comprised Justices Deepak Gupta and Sanjiv Khanna, said. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss account details under automatic exchange framework The AIADMK-led state government had set up the inquiry commission to look into circumstances leading to the death of Jayalalithaa on December 5, 2016 at Apollo Hospitals. The Madras High Court had on April 4 rejected Apollo Hospital’s objections to an inquiry commission set up to probe the death of Jayalalithaa looking into aspects of treatment given to her. As mandated by its terms of reference, the Justice A Arumughaswamy Commission of Inquiry was empowered and entitled to go into the appropriateness, efficacy, adequacy or inadequacy of the treatment given to Jayalalithaa during her 75-day hospitalisation in 2016, it said. Also Read – Trio win Nobel Medicine Prize for work on cells, oxygen The high court had refused to stall proceedings of the commission and disposed of the petition filed by the hospital seeking to quash the government orders which laid down terms and reference of the probe panel. It had also rejected the prayer of the hospital for setting up a medical board to assist the panel during the inquiry. The high court had said if a harmonious interpretation was made to terms of reference, the government was careful enough to include the word “subsequent treatment provided till her unfortunate demise on December 5, 2016”. This meant the nature and extent of treatment given by Apollo Hospitals, which includes appropriateness, adequacy or inadequacy of the treatment, the court had said. “We are of the view that if the commission is restrained from going into the correctness, efficacy, adequacy or inadequacy of the medical treatment provided by the petitioner hospital, it would only defeat the very object with which the government had appointed the commission of inquiry,” it had said. Therefore, the panel can go into the correctness, efficacy, adequacy or inadequacy of the medical treatment provided by Apollo Hospitals by screening the records produced before it and arrive at a conclusion, the bench had said. It had disagreed with the hospital’s contention that a retired judge of the high court (Arumughaswamy) cannot be the competent person to deal with the complex and intricate medical treatment and hence experts and professionals should be included in the panel. It had said that even in the absence of inclusion of experts or professionals, as per Section 5B of Commission of Inquiry Act, the commission can independently take the aid of any person who, in its opinion, shall be of assistance for conducting the inquiry. Referring to the hospital’s charge that its doctors were repeatedly questioned and harassed, the high court had said it was not inclined to accept the submissions that witnesses (doctors) were wantonly, willfully and deliberately harassed by the commission. The government had set up the inquiry commission to look into circumstances leading to the death of the AIADMK supremo, citing doubts expressed by various people.
By Nirit Ben-AriDo land, seeds and crops have a gender? Perhaps they do in sub-Saharan Africa, where women produce up to 80% of foodstuffs for household consumption and sale in local markets, according to a report by the World Bank and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). For crops such as rice, wheat and maize, make up about 90% of food consumed by rural dwellers, it is women who mostly sow the seeds, do the weeding, cultivate and harvest the crops and sell surpluses.And for secondary crops such as legumes and vegetables, says the FAO, “Women’s contribution…is even greater,” adding that it’s as if only women are involved in producing these crops. What’s more, they make and tend the gardens that provide much-needed nutritional and economic well-being. Feeding the continentWhile women farmers are essentially feeding the continent, they have remained largely in the background, calling little attention to themselves and receiving little help. But this situation is changing as they spearhead efforts to transform Africa’s agricultural landscape. Take for example Grace Kamotho, a lecturer at Karatina University in Nairobi, Kenya, where she also trains farmers in new farming technologies and practices that lead to higher productivity. “Being an African woman,” she told Africa Renewal, “I recognize the fact that women are more associated with food preparation and care of the family than men, and I understand the importance of feeding families with appropriate and balanced diet.”Ms. Kamotho recently participated in a training workshop on vegetable production in greenhouses, at Volcanic Institute’s Centre for Agricultural Development and Cooperation in Israel. Here she gained knowledge about seed and vegetable seedling cultivation, among other subjects. She said the training’s focus on vegetables was necessary because in rural Africa, vegetables supplement meals of maize, rice, potato, cassava or yam, and are a good source of proteins.“Women tend to shop or procure food for their families, which in some cases means growing it in kitchen gardens,” she says. But women farmers go beyond tilling the soil: they also ensure prudent food management—deciding what to keep for the household and what to sell. “When a drought or economic crisis hits, women feel the pinch most, as they have to find ways to provide for their families,” says Ms. Kamotho.Comparing men and women farmersDespite the role and impact of women in African agriculture, there’s still an unsettling disparity in the support they receive compared to men. A World Bank report states that in Nigeria, for example, while women constitute about 60% to 80% of the agricultural work force, men generally make key farm management decisions. “As a result, agricultural extension services throughout the country have traditionally focused on men and their production needs.”In their book Transforming Gender Relations in Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa: Promising Approaches, authors Marion S. Davis, Cathy Farworth and Melinda Sundell argue that women’s productivity is lower than that of men because they have limited access to resources such as land, credit and other production inputs. In an interview with IRIN, a UN humanitarian news service, Ms. Sundel said that in Kenya, the value of female farmers’ tools was about one fifth that of their male counterparts’.Credit is undoubtedly necessary to acquire land, machinery, fertilizers, irrigation and high-quality seeds, and to hire labour. Moreover, when women’s access to finance is restricted in comparison to men’s, it creates a power imbalance that affects women’s ability to negotiate their role within households, according to the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). Some banks set up roadblocks to getting the necessary capital, such as the need for a male guarantor or the requirement that a beneficiary must be literate, notes the World Bank in its 2009 Gender in Agriculture Resource Book. Makhtar Diop, the World Bank vice-president for Africa, warns that “the status quo is unacceptable and must change so that all Africans can benefit from their land.”Financing problemsThe ICRW believes that women farmers who own property and have access to finance will have greater bargaining authority and control over their incomes. In addition, studies show that women are more likely than men to spend their incomes on their families’ food, education and health. Lawson Lartego Late, director of the economic development unit at Care USA, a humanitarian organization, told the US magazine Forbes that “when it comes to finance, we need to apply a gender lens. When you look at how people get access to financial services, especially here in Africa, agriculture is underserved.”The UN and other non-governmental organizations are investigating and implementing projects that provide greater access to micro-credit for women farmers. The Hunger Project (THP), a US-based international NGO with offices across the world, has created a micro-finance programme that involves giving training, financial advice and credit to African female farmers. THP has to date loaned about $2.9 million to women farmers in Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Mozambique, Senegal and Uganda. As a result, beneficiaries raised their production levels.Soro Yiriwaso, another micro-finance institution based in Mali, supports women in the southern part of the country in boosting food security. Women represent 93.5% of Soro Yiriwaso’s borrowers, while two thirds of its loan portfolio goes to agriculture. Between 2010 and 2012, under its Prêt de campagne scheme, the institution gave agricultural loans to women members of recognized cooperatives in 90 villages at the start of the planting season. These loans are repaid with interest after harvest.African leaders’ lifelineAfrican leaders have also pledged to help women farmers under the 2003 Maputo Declaration (the Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Programme), which is intended to increase support for smallholder farmers. ActionAid, an international aid agency, has urged these leaders to fulfil that pledge lest farmers be unable to maintain the fight against hunger. “If women are given equal access to land, seeds, as their male counterparts, we can reduce hunger in the world by 140 million people, which is about 17% of people who are living hungry.”One reason African women are largely excluded from decision-making in their homes and communities, and underrepresented in leadership roles, is their high rate of illiteracy. But according to the Swedish Agricultural International Network Initiative (SAINI), when women are given the chance, the farms they run perform just as well as those headed by men—or even better.In a study of western Kenya, SAINI found that female-headed households had agricultural yields that were 23% lower than those of male-headed households, and attributed the difference to less secure access to land and lower educational levels. A male farmer from Zambia told SAINI that “there were men who have died and left their spouses and children. Their farms are still functioning and are even better after their deaths. This is because the women were involved in planning and decision-making.”Bright futureFortunately, the future is bright for women farmers. They are benefiting from more training opportunities, incentives and other programmes designed to equip small-scale women farmers with information, skills and other inputs to improve crop quality and quantity. For example, in the Mbeya region of Tanzania, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is providing women farmers with agronomy training that addresses gender-related norms and attitudes that discourage them from engaging in coffee production. These farmers learn how to improve coffee quality and quantity, which in turn increases their incomes.The Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), an organization that promotes the productivity and livelihoods of smallholder farmers, has teamed up with Tanzania’s agriculture ministry to launch the Integrated Soil Fertility Management programme to promote improved soil health through intercropping cereals with legumes. Under this programme, women receive information on soil fertility through community radios, mobile phones and agriculture extension workers.Any transformation in Africa’s agriculture will depend on women’s participation. “Investing in women’s economic empowerment is a high-yield investment, with multiplier effects on productivity, efficiency and inclusive growth for the continent,” says Kathleen Lay from ONE, an organization campaigning to end global poverty. The International Fertilizer Development Center, an organization that focuses on enhancing agricultural productivity in developing countries, puts it succinctly: “The African farmer is primarily a woman farmer. And she is a good farmer who can feed her family and her continent if she is given the tools and the opportunities to do so.”Photo: Arne Hoel. Africa Renewal
The squeaking of brand new Nikes against polished hardwood fills the expansive interior of an empty Schottenstein Center. Bouncing basketballs, blowing whistles and exhausted grunts combine to form the soundtrack of a Buckeye basketball practice. Some of the members of the Ohio State men’s basketball program stand drenched in sweat, hands on their hips and watch as others participate in drills. These spectators and participants combine to comprise an indisposable crew on the floor, but they aren’t the basketball team. They’re the seven members of the Ohio State men’s basketball managerial staff. While the actual team wins the games and earns the headlines, the staff supporting the team is happy to sit behind the bench on game days, out of the spotlight. They’re OK with the idea that the outside world has no clue how important they were to coach Thad Matta and his teams’ preparations for victory. “A lot of people just think we’re all ‘water and towels’ and just kind of there,” said Weston Strayer, manager and a fourth-year in marketing. “But they don’t understand just how much time and work we put in each week to the program.” Their contributions are noticed by those who pay attention though. “The managers do everything you really don’t want to do, and they do it with a smile on their face,” said senior forward Evan Ravenel. “They’re one of the key components to our team, and we wouldn’t be half as good without those guys.” A typical OSU student gets up, goes to class, maybe goes to work afterward and then juggles homework with a social life. The managers have those same obligations, but in addition to their school obligations, they deal with between 35 and 40 hours a week of unpaid work for basketball activities. They show up for 10 a.m. practice an hour before to set up. They stay two hours after to rebound for players who want to get extra shots up or to run errands for coaches. It can end up being a five-hour shift. On game days, they’re there for the pre-game shootaround five hours before tip-off and will stay at the arena for the next eight hours, through the pre-game team meal and the game itself. During the games, they take advanced stats for the coaches, set up chairs on the court for the team during timeouts and manage Matta’s play-calling whiteboard. “Once the game starts, nothing we have done is going to change anything, but preparation-wise, we definitely help them out where we can,” Strayer said. “We try and do our best to help them prepare and make everything a little bit easier for them.” The man in charge of the managers is David Egelhoff, director of basketball operations. He’s been on the OSU staff for 10 years and in his current position for seven. In addition to handling the day-to-day, off-court activities of the basketball team, he handles the application and hiring process of the team’s managers and serves as their boss. It’s a position his past has qualified him for. Egelhoff served as a student manager for OSU’s basketball team from 1998 to 2002 under former OSU coach Jim O’Brien. He said his times as a manager make up some of his favorite college memories. “I’ve made lifelong friendships, not only with the managers but the coaching staffs and players I’ve worked with as well,” Egelhoff said. “We had a really enjoyable time doing a lot of things … those experiences we had were pretty special to me.” The sheer quantity of time the managers spend with each other has allowed them to form a special bond. “It’s a great group of guys, we joke and mess with each other and it’s a lot of fun,” Strayer said. “We kind of joke when we walk out of the tunnel (during home games), they announce the ‘three-time defending Big Ten champions’ and then we all kind of just come out before everyone, so I always wonder what people think when they see us in the suits walking out by the team.” Evan Kurt, a third-year manager and a fourth-year in marketing, said the experiences of going to the Final Four and to different venues around the country have made managing the “best time” of his life. While the managers know they will never make the game-winning shot, they also are aware that their weeklong contributions before the 40-minute games are vital. “There’s a lot that goes on at practices that people don’t see. If you don’t know all about what goes on behind the scenes, you don’t really understand,” Kurt said. “Game to game, it’s players and coaches who determine success, but behind the scenes, it’s us helping everybody improve and helping everybody get better.” The managers’ reward for the hours upon hours of dirty work isn’t fame, money or recognition. It’s something less tangible, but something the managers say is much more important. “The sense of being a part of the team,” Strayer said. “It’s one thing to be a fan, but to be emotionally involved, and to be with the team all the time and to be a part of the team is something I’ll never forget.” Ravenel, a player who has played on three Big Ten championship teams and a Final Four team, expressed the team’s gratitude for its managers. “A program like ours wouldn’t be able to be successful without guys like our managers,” Ravenel said. This article has been revised to reflect the following correction: Correction: April 17, 2013 An earlier version of this story stated that Evan Ravenel played on two Final Four teams for OSU. In fact, he played on one.
With a population of around 280,000 people, small English village Falmer would love to host a match of the national teamA small village and civil parish in the Lewes District of East Sussex in England, just one hour away from London by train, wants to host a senior English team international match, be it a friendly game or a qualifying match, the Brighton & Hove Independent reported on Sunday.According to the newspaper, Falmer with a population of 280,000 people as reported by the last census, wants to host one of the Three Lions matches in 2018. The Amex Stadium, which currently holds 30,750 fans has already hosted England’s under-21 team and an England women’s match.“The criteria for qualifying matches is usually you need a slightly bigger stadium than this but for friendly matches, we would love to host a senior England game,” Brighton & Hove Albion Football Club chief executive Paul Barber said.Report: Rooney talks Engalnd Kane and Guardiola George Patchias – September 12, 2019 Wayne Rooney has spoken of his England record, Harry Kane smashing it and Pep Guardiola for England.In an interview on his Wayne Rooney podcast…“We’ve had the women’s team here, we’ve had the under-21s here and we’ve had the Rugby World Cup here. We think this is a wonderful stadium in a great part of the country, it’s very accessible and with a great city to support us in terms of hosting people here,” he added.And the English national team is no stranger to playing in different cities. Just before the FIFA World Cup, England played against Costa Rica in Leed’s Elland Road, a 37,890 seat stadium. And in September of last year, the Three Lions met Switzerland at Leicester’s King Power Stadium which seats 32,312 fans.“It would certainly be one of our ambitions to host a senior England game if the opportunity comes up.”