Ana Betancourt: An imperishable Cuban woman

first_imgThis guest article was contributed by friends in Cuba.By Rosa María Oliva Enríquez and Ildefonso Gustavo Díaz SandovalAna Betancourt1832-1901Ana Betancourt de Mora was born in Camagüey, Cuba, on Dec. 14, 1832. As with all young, wealthy Cuban women, she took classes in religion, sewing, embroidery, music and home economics.At the age of 22, she married Ignacio Mora y de la Pera, a young educated man who believed in independence and who was, according to Ana, “her teacher and her best friend.”At the very beginning of the Ten Years War [against Spain] on Oct. 10, 1868, Mora was one of the first to join the liberating armed forces, while Ana devoted herself to sending materiel and clothes to the rebels, as well as writing and distributing revolutionary propaganda.Chased by the Spanish authorities, she joined the rebels in Guáimaro on Dec. 4, 1868, exchanging the serenity of her home for the martyrdom of war.On April 14, 1869, her voice was heard in Guáimaro, headquarters of the Constituent Assembly, when in a speech full of patriotism she proclaimed the redemption of the Cuban woman: “Citizens: the woman, in the dim and quiet corner of the home, was waiting patiently and resigned to this beautiful hour in which a new revolution breaks her yoke and unties her wings.”And she added: “Citizens: here everything was enslaving: the cradle, the color and the sex. You want to destroy the slavery of the cradle, fighting until death. You have destroyed the slavery of color, emancipating the slave. The moment has arrived to liberate the woman!”Together with her husband in the jungle, she worked on the newspaper “The Mambí,” which featured interesting articles about the life of the mambises [guerrilla Cuban independence soldiers] in the countryside, as well as the independence ideals of those Cubans committed to the fight.On July 9, 1871, Betancourt and her husband Ignacio were surprised by enemy guerrilla warfare in Rosalía del Chorrillo. Thanks to a ruse, she saved her husband’s life, but she was taken prisoner, as arthritis in her legs prevented her from fleeing. The [captors] kept her outdoors under a ceiba [tree] for three months in the savanna of Jobabo as bait to attract Colonel Mora.Pressed to write to her husband to ask him to lay down his arms, Ana answered energetically: “I prefer to be a widow of a man of honor than to be the wife of a man without dignity and tainted.”In these conditions she had to bear with even a simulated execution. On Oct. 9, 1871, she managed to escape and hid in Havana but was located and deported to Mexico. A short while later she settled in New York.In 1872 she visited the president of the United States, Ulysses Grant, asking him to intercede in favor of pardoning the medical students imprisoned for the events of November 1871. That same year she went to reside in Kingston, Jamaica, where in November 1875 she received news of the execution of her husband. She returned to Cuba with the signing of the Pact of El Zajón [which ended the Ten Years War].In 1882 she returned to New York, and in 1889 she went to Spain, where she devoted herself to transcribing the wartime diary of her husband, while also maintaining active correspondence with Gonzalo de Quesada and other Cuban patriots. She converted her sister’s house into a site of revolutionary activity.On Feb. 7, 1901, during a cold and dark evening in Madrid, the celebrated patriot from Camagüey, Ana Betancourt, died far from her natal soil, which was occupied at the time by the United States. Seventy-seven years later, her ashes were brought to Cuba and deposited, with well-deserved honor, in the mausoleum of the Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces, before finally being placed in the mausoleum raised to her memory in Guáimaro.Of her Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, the Father of the Homeland, said: “A woman, ahead of her century, asked for the emancipation of the woman in Cuba.”Women like Ana multiply in Cuba; imperishable examples have remained in the history, which together with her progressive dreams have also defended the inalienable rights of the woman.Names like Magdalena Peñaredonda, Amalia Simone, Mariana Grajales, Melba Hernández, Haydeé Santamaría, Celia Sanchez Manduley, Vilma Espín are, among others, worthy representatives of women’s rights in Cuba, [expressing] the deepest longings of women for social equality.Since the victory of the Socialist Revolution in January 1959, Cuban women have been present in all fronts: occupying management positions in the different political, labor and social organizations and in departments, as well as fulfilling diverse and dissimilar tasks in health, education, art, sport and agriculture, among other areas.They grow bolder day after day, raising higher the example of the charisma and the tireless labor of these “Marianas,” who hoist the flag in defense of all the principles to which women have the right as tireless fighters for the solidarity and the unity of the people.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

"Ana Betancourt: An imperishable Cuban woman"

O’Donnell demands action as NI prepares to enforce truck levy

first_img Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry A Donegal Councillor says with the controversial levy for foreign trucks coming into effect in Northern Ireland on Monday, the government here must do more to have hauliers from Donegal exempted.There have been suggestions that some roads, particularly the A5 might be excluded from the new levy, but as it stands, each Donegal truck crossing the border from Monday will have to pay a £10 charge, even if they are only travelling from Strabane to Aughnacloy and then crossing back into the Republic.Some Donegal hauliers say they will move their operations into the North because of this and the level of motor tax here, and Cllr John O’Donnell says more needs to be done to address this issue……….Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/johnclip.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Twitter Pinterest Homepage BannerNews Google+ By News Highland – November 15, 2014 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR O’Donnell demands action as NI prepares to enforce truck levy Facebook Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic center_img WhatsApp Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Facebook Pinterest Twitter Previous articleDepartment conditions imposed on hill farmers are unnecessary – HarkinNext articleEunan’s boss relishing Ulster club challenge News Highland Google+ WhatsApp 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North last_img read more

"O’Donnell demands action as NI prepares to enforce truck levy"

ANALYSIS: How Hearts will survive relegation in final 5 games

first_imgWith Ghanaian giants Hearts of Oak lying precariously on the league log, Joy Sports analyzes the last five matches of the Phobians and their probable outcomes of the 20-time league champions.Our man Kweku Arhin also engages in a dicey predicition game which is likely to split opinion. Let the debate begin!–Liberty v Hearts, Carl Reindorf ParkThe Phobians’ game against the Dansoman side will be one of Wednesday’s matchday 26 fixtures – the rest are pictured below.And it begins their survival fight. This tie will have a real relegation feel to it also as Liberty are not free of danger themselves. The Dansoman side have 34 points, just four off the drop zone and a defeat could see their stay in the league under severe threat. That’s because they will be only a point away from the red line.The last five clashes between Hearts and Liberty have seen the Phobians have the upper hand as they have recorded three wins out of five.The only draw in their last five fixtures came in this year’s first round fixture with Richard Yamoah grabbing a late equalizer for the Phobians.Hearts suffered defeat on their last trip to Dansoman and a repeat of this result will spell more doom for the Phobians. This game will not be easy and as Liberty sympathizer Godfred Akoto Boafo said on Asempa FM: “Liberty will give Hearts of Oak a run for their money and wallop them.” Verdict: DrawHearts v Bechem United, Accra Sports StadiumThe first of the two remaining home fixtures for the Phobians will see them engage another relegation team Bechem United.The Bechem side are currently four points better off than the Phobians but face a tricky test against Ashantigold prior to coming to Accra. The Bechem side defeated Hearts in the first round of the league and will be itching to complete a double over the Phobians.Hearts will be buoyed by the fact Bechem United are poor travelers on the road having recorded no victory on the road yet. Their last trip to Accra this season ended in a 2-1 defeat at the hands of Accra Great Olympics. Emmanuel Hayford and Robin Gnagne found the net for the Phobians the last time they hosted Bechem in Accra.Verdict: Hearts winMedeama v Hearts, Tarkwa T&A ParkThe Phobians travel to Tarkwa in what resembles their most difficult fixture remaining on paper. The Yellow and Mauves have proven to be a bogey side for Hearts of Oak in recent times. They have inflicted much misery to Hearts both in the league and FA Cup.In their last five fixtures, Hearts are yet to record a win against Medeama suffering three defeats in the process. The Tarkwa side have defeated Hearts twice in the semifinals of the FA Cup in the last four years.Their first round meeting ended in a 2-2 draw and the Yellow and Mauves will be the last team on the fixture list Hearts will want to face.Given Hearts predicaments and the fact that they have already been to Tarkwa to earn a respectable draw in the Elites Cup, Hearts can come up with a dogged performance and leave with a point or even carry the maximum points on the day.Verdict: Draw Hearts v Berekum Chelsea, Accra Sports StadiumBoth teams were involved the highest scoring game of the season so far in the first round.They were involved in a six goal thriller with Chelsea winning by four goals to two. The last five games between both sides have seen the home teams winning the tie and with 13 goals goals recorded in these five ties.  Judging by this, we are assured of more goals in this penultimate round of fixtures.The Phobians urgent need for the points will aid in their quest to clinch all three points. Chelsea themselves have been poor on the road winning only one away game this season. Ironically, it was against Hearts bitterest rivals, Kotoko. Only one team has beaten Hearts and Kotoko away from home this season and that was New Edubiase. The chances of Chelsea replicating Edubiase’s record is very slim. Hearts good fortune against Chelsea in Accra is set to continue.Verdict: Hearts winWAFA v Hearts, Sogakope Academy ParkThe Phobians have been perennially good against WAFA since their Gomoa Feyenoord days and this trend is likely to follow in the last fixture of the Premier League.The Phobians won the first round by a single goal courtesy Gilbert Fiamenyo and similar outcome will not come as a major surprise. The Sogakope side are all but safe in this year’s league and their last fixture with the Phobians can be played without the much needed nerves accustomed to playing with playing last day matches of the league. Hearts greater need for the points can see them edging the tie.Verdict: Hearts win–CLICK TO READ: Dark history looms over Hearts scapegoat Eddie AnsahCLICK TO READ: Analysis – Ansah praises team, confident of survivalCLICK TO READ: How Duncan outsmarted Hearts–Follow Kweku on Twitter: @nana_odum. Get more updates on Facebook/Twitter with the #JoySports hashtaglast_img read more

"ANALYSIS: How Hearts will survive relegation in final 5 games"